The progress of space missions has promoted the development of artificial intelligence technology in the aerospace field. Specifically, the deployment of intelligent algorithms on spacecraft to enhance the intelligence capabilities of spacecraft has become the current trend. However, at present, spacecraft lacks sufficient computing power for intelligent algorithms, which severely restricts the development of the aerospace intelligence. This article analyzes the computing power demand of typical aerospace intelligent applications, and introduces the current research status in the field of aerospace intelligent computing. Moreover, the work summarizes the current intelligent computing technological state for aerospace intelligent applications. On this basis, the paper points out that the future development of aerospace intelligent computing technology should take the path of serialization of computing chips, universalization of computing platform and unification of supporting software to create a product form which is equipped with intelligent computing platforms and complete aerospace intelligent basic ecology. The key technical issues to be solved and the development strategy proposed in this paper are of great significance for seizing the opportunity to promote a new round of space industry revolution.